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    2018年考研英語一真題——完型填空

    發布于 2018-05-11 16:40  編輯:Ywen
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    2018年考研英語一真題——完型填空


    Section I Use of English

    Directions:

    Read the following text. Choose the best word (s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)


    考研英語.png


    Trust is a tricky business. On the one hand, it's a necessary condition _1_ many worthwhile things: child care, friendships, etc. On the other hand, putting your _2_, in the wrong place often carries a high _3_.


    _4_, why do we trust at all? Well, because it feels good. _5_ people place their trust in an individual or an institution, their brains release oxytocin, a hormone that _6_ pleasurable feelings and triggers the herding instruct that prompts humans to _7_ with one another. Scientists have found that exposure _8_ this hormone puts us in a trusting _9_: In a Swiss study, researchers sprayed oxytocin into the noses of half the subjects; those subjects were ready to lend significantly higher amounts of money to strangers than were their _10_ who inhaled something else.


    _11_ for us, we also have a sixth sense for dishonesty that may _12_ us. A Canadian study found that children as young as 14 months can differentiate _13_ a credible person and a dishonest one. Sixty toddlers were each _14_ to an adult tester holding a plastic container. The tester would ask, “What’s in here?” before looking into the container, smiling, and exclaiming, “Wow!” Each subject was then invited to look _15_. Half of them found a toy; the other half _16_ the container was empty-and realized the tester had _17_ them.


    Among the children who had not been tricked, the majority were _18_ to cooperate with the tester in learning a new skill, demonstrating that they trusted his leadership. _19_, only five of the 30 children paired with the “_20_”tester participated in a follow-up activity.


    (1).____

    A. on

    B. like

    C. for

    D. from

    參考答案:B


    (2). ____

    A. faith

    B. concern

    C. attention

    D. interest

    參考答案:C


    (3). ____

    A. benefit

    B. debt

    C. hope

    D. price

    參考答案:B


    (4). ____

    A. Therefore

    B. Then

    C. Instead

    D. Again

    參考答案:D


    (5). ____

    A.Until

    B. Unless

    C. Although

    D. When

    參考答案:A


    (6).____

    A.selects

    B.produces

    C.applies

    D. maintains

    參考答案:C


    (7).____

    A. consult

    B. compete

    C. connect

    D. compare

    參考答案:A


    (8). ____

    A. at

    B. by

    C.of

    D.to

    參考答案:B


    (9).____

    A. context

    B. mood

    C. period

    D. circle

    參考答案:D


    (10).____

    A. counterparts

    B. substitutes

    C. colleagues

    D.supporters

    參考答案:A


    (11).____

    A. Funny

    B. Lucky

    C. Odd

    D. Ironic

    參考答案:C


    (12).____

    A. monitor

    B. protect

    C. surprise

    D. delight

    參考答案:A


    (13).____

    A. between

    B. within

    C. toward

    D. over

    參考答案:D


    (14).____

    A. transferred

    B. added

    C. introduced

    D. entrusted

    參考答案:C


    (15).____

    A. out

    B. back

    C. around

    D. Inside

    參考答案:B


    (16).____

    A. discovered

    B. proved

    C. insisted

    D. .remembered

    參考答案:D


    (17).____

    A. betrayed

    B.wronged

    C. fooled

    D. mocked

    參考答案:A


    (18).____

    A. forced

    B. willing

    C. hesitant

    D. entitled

    參考答案:B


    (19).____

    A. In contrast

    B. As a result

    C. On the whole

    D. For instance

    參考答案:D


    (20).____

    A. inflexible

    B. incapable

    C. unreliable

    D. unsuitable

    參考答案:C


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