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        2018年考研英語一真題——完型填空

        發布于 2018-05-11 16:40  編輯:Ywen
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        2018年考研英語一真題——完型填空


        Section I Use of English

        Directions:

        Read the following text. Choose the best word (s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)


        考研英語.png


        Trust is a tricky business. On the one hand, it's a necessary condition _1_ many worthwhile things: child care, friendships, etc. On the other hand, putting your _2_, in the wrong place often carries a high _3_.


        _4_, why do we trust at all? Well, because it feels good. _5_ people place their trust in an individual or an institution, their brains release oxytocin, a hormone that _6_ pleasurable feelings and triggers the herding instruct that prompts humans to _7_ with one another. Scientists have found that exposure _8_ this hormone puts us in a trusting _9_: In a Swiss study, researchers sprayed oxytocin into the noses of half the subjects; those subjects were ready to lend significantly higher amounts of money to strangers than were their _10_ who inhaled something else.


        _11_ for us, we also have a sixth sense for dishonesty that may _12_ us. A Canadian study found that children as young as 14 months can differentiate _13_ a credible person and a dishonest one. Sixty toddlers were each _14_ to an adult tester holding a plastic container. The tester would ask, “What’s in here?” before looking into the container, smiling, and exclaiming, “Wow!” Each subject was then invited to look _15_. Half of them found a toy; the other half _16_ the container was empty-and realized the tester had _17_ them.


        Among the children who had not been tricked, the majority were _18_ to cooperate with the tester in learning a new skill, demonstrating that they trusted his leadership. _19_, only five of the 30 children paired with the “_20_”tester participated in a follow-up activity.


        (1).____

        A. on

        B. like

        C. for

        D. from

        參考答案:B


        (2). ____

        A. faith

        B. concern

        C. attention

        D. interest

        參考答案:C


        (3). ____

        A. benefit

        B. debt

        C. hope

        D. price

        參考答案:B


        (4). ____

        A. Therefore

        B. Then

        C. Instead

        D. Again

        參考答案:D


        (5). ____

        A.Until

        B. Unless

        C. Although

        D. When

        參考答案:A


        (6).____

        A.selects

        B.produces

        C.applies

        D. maintains

        參考答案:C


        (7).____

        A. consult

        B. compete

        C. connect

        D. compare

        參考答案:A


        (8). ____

        A. at

        B. by

        C.of

        D.to

        參考答案:B


        (9).____

        A. context

        B. mood

        C. period

        D. circle

        參考答案:D


        (10).____

        A. counterparts

        B. substitutes

        C. colleagues

        D.supporters

        參考答案:A


        (11).____

        A. Funny

        B. Lucky

        C. Odd

        D. Ironic

        參考答案:C


        (12).____

        A. monitor

        B. protect

        C. surprise

        D. delight

        參考答案:A


        (13).____

        A. between

        B. within

        C. toward

        D. over

        參考答案:D


        (14).____

        A. transferred

        B. added

        C. introduced

        D. entrusted

        參考答案:C


        (15).____

        A. out

        B. back

        C. around

        D. Inside

        參考答案:B


        (16).____

        A. discovered

        B. proved

        C. insisted

        D. .remembered

        參考答案:D


        (17).____

        A. betrayed

        B.wronged

        C. fooled

        D. mocked

        參考答案:A


        (18).____

        A. forced

        B. willing

        C. hesitant

        D. entitled

        參考答案:B


        (19).____

        A. In contrast

        B. As a result

        C. On the whole

        D. For instance

        參考答案:D


        (20).____

        A. inflexible

        B. incapable

        C. unreliable

        D. unsuitable

        參考答案:C


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