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2018年考研英語一真題——完型填空

發布于 2018-05-11 16:40  編輯:Ywen
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2018年考研英語一真題——完型填空


Section I Use of English

Directions:

Read the following text. Choose the best word (s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)


考研英語.png


Trust is a tricky business. On the one hand, it's a necessary condition _1_ many worthwhile things: child care, friendships, etc. On the other hand, putting your _2_, in the wrong place often carries a high _3_.


_4_, why do we trust at all? Well, because it feels good. _5_ people place their trust in an individual or an institution, their brains release oxytocin, a hormone that _6_ pleasurable feelings and triggers the herding instruct that prompts humans to _7_ with one another. Scientists have found that exposure _8_ this hormone puts us in a trusting _9_: In a Swiss study, researchers sprayed oxytocin into the noses of half the subjects; those subjects were ready to lend significantly higher amounts of money to strangers than were their _10_ who inhaled something else.


_11_ for us, we also have a sixth sense for dishonesty that may _12_ us. A Canadian study found that children as young as 14 months can differentiate _13_ a credible person and a dishonest one. Sixty toddlers were each _14_ to an adult tester holding a plastic container. The tester would ask, “What’s in here?” before looking into the container, smiling, and exclaiming, “Wow!” Each subject was then invited to look _15_. Half of them found a toy; the other half _16_ the container was empty-and realized the tester had _17_ them.


Among the children who had not been tricked, the majority were _18_ to cooperate with the tester in learning a new skill, demonstrating that they trusted his leadership. _19_, only five of the 30 children paired with the “_20_”tester participated in a follow-up activity.


(1).____

A. on

B. like

C. for

D. from

參考答案:B


(2). ____

A. faith

B. concern

C. attention

D. interest

參考答案:C


(3). ____

A. benefit

B. debt

C. hope

D. price

參考答案:B


(4). ____

A. Therefore

B. Then

C. Instead

D. Again

參考答案:D


(5). ____

A.Until

B. Unless

C. Although

D. When

參考答案:A


(6).____

A.selects

B.produces

C.applies

D. maintains

參考答案:C


(7).____

A. consult

B. compete

C. connect

D. compare

參考答案:A


(8). ____

A. at

B. by

C.of

D.to

參考答案:B


(9).____

A. context

B. mood

C. period

D. circle

參考答案:D


(10).____

A. counterparts

B. substitutes

C. colleagues

D.supporters

參考答案:A


(11).____

A. Funny

B. Lucky

C. Odd

D. Ironic

參考答案:C


(12).____

A. monitor

B. protect

C. surprise

D. delight

參考答案:A


(13).____

A. between

B. within

C. toward

D. over

參考答案:D


(14).____

A. transferred

B. added

C. introduced

D. entrusted

參考答案:C


(15).____

A. out

B. back

C. around

D. Inside

參考答案:B


(16).____

A. discovered

B. proved

C. insisted

D. .remembered

參考答案:D


(17).____

A. betrayed

B.wronged

C. fooled

D. mocked

參考答案:A


(18).____

A. forced

B. willing

C. hesitant

D. entitled

參考答案:B


(19).____

A. In contrast

B. As a result

C. On the whole

D. For instance

參考答案:D


(20).____

A. inflexible

B. incapable

C. unreliable

D. unsuitable

參考答案:C


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