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試題內容

    It seems quite clearly unjust to pay two people different amounts of money for doing the same work. But it is not as easy as it appeals at first ( 1 ) to introduce equal pay for equal work.Two people may be working side by side in a factory and doing the same work, but one may be doing it twice as fast as the ( 2 ) ;or one may be making no mistakes, while the other is making a lot. In some kinds of work, one can solve the problem of speed if one pays by the amount of work to be done and not by the hour: work paid for in this ( 3 ) is called piece-work. But it is not always possible to do this, so it is sometimes useful to pay workers at different rates, which take differences in skill into ( 4 ) . This usually means that the younger and therefore less experienced worker gets less than the_( 5 ) and more experienced one, which seems reasonable enough.

1.[單選題]____
  • A.other
  • B.sight
  • C.older
  • D.way
  • E.account
2.[單選題]____
  • A.other
  • B.sight
  • C.older
  • D.way
  • E.account
3.[單選題]____
  • A.other
  • B.sight
  • C.older
  • D.way
  • E.account
4.[單選題]____
  • A.other
  • B.sight
  • C.older
  • D.way
  • E.account
5.[單選題]____
  • A.other
  • B.sight
  • C.older
  • D.way
  • E.account
  • 參考答案:E,B,D,A,C
  • 解題思路:干同樣活的兩個人得到的卻是不同的酬金,這看起來似乎很不公平。但是同勞同酬的引入起初并不是那么簡單。 兩個人可能在一個工廠里肩并肩做同樣的工作,其中一個以同樣的速度但要做兩次,或是其中一個沒有出錯而另一個出了很多錯。有些類型的工作,人們可以解決速度問題,如果是按工作總量算而不是按時間算。這種方式叫做計件工。但是并不是任何時候這種方式都行得通, 有時還是需要按速度來算酬金,把技術的嫻熟程度考慮進去。這就意味著越年輕、經歷越少的 工人比更年長的、經歷豐富的工人掙得更少。這看起來很合理。
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